Learn the Basics of How to Wire Your Home’s Electrical System Safely

If you’re planning to build or remodel your home, there are some things you need to learn about your electrical system. It is more than a bunch of wires as your electrical system is a complex system that must be carefully designed to home your home access to power in the safest way possible. Learning the basics of how to wire your electrical system will help you become a more knowledgeable homeowner.

Components in the Electrical System

The electrical system consists of a line from the main pole to where the electrical usage is metered. There are usually separate wiring circuits to all rooms of the home and outside.


The meter is connected to the main line of the pole. Meters are usually installed outside the home where they utility company can read the meters for precise usage. Most meters are mechanical, while some meters are digital and display an LCD screen. The meter will measure the amount of electricity used in the home in units to determine the amount for your next monthly bill.

Main Breaker Panel

While most homeowners have a weather-proof breaker panel, most are installed inside the home. The maximum amount of electricity is stated by the size of the main breaker. Today, modern homes have 200 amp services, while older type homes only have 100 amps.


All bundles of wires have at least three wires within the circuits. The red and or black insulated wires are hot while the white insulated wires carry the current to and from the electrical source at the panel. When you turn on a switch or plug a device into an outlet, you will complete the circuit and allow the electricity to activate.

Conclusion: Install a New Electrical System

Due to the high risks involved with installing an electrical system, there are many new building codes and regulations that must be followed. It is important to communicate your electrical needs and consider your electrical design with an electrical engineer. Consider the needs of your home to enhance the safety and access throughout the space.

Infographic by: taskadvisor.com